In the case of a diagnosed nut allergy, the type in question must be avoided particularly in serious cases. However, the allergens in the various types of nuts are different and sufferers therefore don't have to avoid all nuts.
Peanuts, Brazil nuts, pistachios, pecan nuts, hazelnuts and walnuts in particular have major allergic potential. Although from a purely botanical point of view peanuts are pulses, most people traditionally categorise them as nuts. There are certainly nut allergy sufferers in whom just the slightest amount or even mere skin contact is enough to trigger serious allergic reactions.
It quickly becomes clear that it is very important to avoid foods containing nuts, and therefore the allergen. To do this it is necessary to always carefully read the list of ingredients and to only buy products that definitely do not contain any traces of nuts. Particular attention must be paid with the following foods:
- Snack mixes, muesli, muesli bars, chocolate, nougat, marzipan, brittle chocolate,
- bread, cakes, pastry, biscuits
- pasta fillings,
- yoghurt, custard, creams, sandwich spreads,
- pastries, cheese,
- vegetarian burgers and other vegetarian rissoles,
- mixed drinks,
- margarines and oils.
Preparing your own food keeps things safe. As with other allergy sufferers, doctors and nutritional scientists also recommend that as far as possible, people with a nut allergy prepare all their own meals from high-quality organic basic ingredients. Ready meals on the other hand should be avoided.
Pan-toasted pumpkin seeds, sesame, quinoa, sunflower seeds or amaranth are recommended as great-tasting alternatives to nuts.
If an unfortunate emergency nevertheless occurs, the following tips will be very useful to you:
- Have an allergy passport issued by your doctor and keep it with you at all times. This will ensure that medical staff will be aware of the situation immediately in the event of an emergency.
- Ask your doctor for an emergency set. These are available to buy from good pharmacies (cortisone tablets, allergy injections, antihistamine). Always keep the set with you.
- If your child suffers from a nut allergy, you should make all caregivers (kindergarten, school etc.) well aware of this. Inform your work colleagues if you or your partner are affected.